Typhoid Fever Causes, Symptoms and Treatment [Explained]

Typhoid fever is a severe illness caused by the Salmonella Typhi bacteria. The common symptoms of typhoid are high fever, diarrhea, and vomiting. Even if you don't feel sick, it can make you contagious. This disease spread through contaminated water. It can also be contaminated through direct contact with an infected person.

Typhoid Fever Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Typhoid is considered a fatal disease. In most cases, finding Salmonella Typhi in a culture of blood or other body fluid or tissue can confirm the diagnosis. If it is detected in the early stage, the doctor medicates it with antibiotics.

In this article, we have tried to create a guideline on typhoid fever. Read on to learn more about what are the causes, symptoms, treatments, and remedies. You can use this guideline as a reference to detect typhoid and begin treatment with a doctor.

What Causes Typhoid Fever?

Every year, an estimated 5 million cases of paratyphoid fever and 26 million cases of typhoid fever are reported worldwide, resulting in 215,000 deaths (Source: CDC ).

Typhoid Fever contamination circle

Typhoid is a disease caused by Salmonella Typhi bacteria. This bacterium spreads through food and water. If the water is contaminated, washing fruits and vegetables can spread it as well.

Once a person is exposed to bacteria, the symptoms often develop gradually over a period of 10 to 14 days. However, some people have typhoid without showing any signs of illness. Others experience the bacteria even after their symptoms have subsided. The disease can re-appear at times.

It’s possible to spread it through contaminated food or hands. Most restaurants don't really prepare their food in accordance with standards of hygiene; as a result, people get infected through those.

What are the Symptoms and Signs of Typhoid Fever?

Typhoid is a chronic fever that doesn't really want to go away. Other symptoms besides fever should be observed to identify it.

Common symptoms of Typhoid Fever

Let us look at the symptoms of typhoid fever:

  • High fever (that gradually increases each day)
  • General Aches and Pains
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weakness
  • Headache
  • Stomach pain
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Cough
  • Some people have pink spots on their body

How is Typhoid Fever Identified?

Typhoid fever is typically diagnosed by analyzing blood, poop, or urine samples. The Salmonella Typhi bacterium that causes the condition will be looked for under a microscope.

Only a doctor can tell you whether you suffer from typhoid or not. You should consult a general physician if you think you have typhoid symptoms, particularly if you have traveled typhoid an endemic area.

If typhoid symptoms appear or are suspected, seek medical advice right away. You can get this advice through the video call from home by using the DocTime app. You can communicate with the doctor via video call at any time. Complications can be avoided by following the doctor's advice in the early stages.

If typhoid fever is confirmed; other members of your household may also need to be tested in case you infect them.

Treatment or Remedy for Typhoid Fever

If you have typhoid fever in its early stages, you may be prescribed antibiotic tablets/syrups Most people require these for 7 to 14 days. The disease severity gradually declined within two to three days of starting the antibiotic. An antibiotic course must be completed to eradicate the disease completely.

Make sure you get enough rest, drink plenty of fluids, and eat meals regularly. It could be easier for you to eat smaller meals more frequently rather than three larger meals a day.

You should also practice hygiene, such as washing your hands with soap and warm water on a regular basis, to reduce the risk of spreading the infection to others.

When should you go to the Doctor?

If the fever lasts for a long time, or typhoid is suspected, consult a doctor right away. Only the doctor can tell you what to do or not do after a diagnosis. To avoid complications, consult an MBBS doctor via video call on the DocTime app from your home if you are experiencing mild or severe symptoms.

Prevention of Typhoid Fever (Tips to be Safe)